Diabetes is a disease where the blood glucose level remains continuously higher than normal. It results in damage to the various bodily organs. The modern concept of diabetes management does not advocate the complete restriction of the intake of alcohol. The patient is advised to take every food, but with some precaution to the total daily calorie intake.
food for diabetics list
Diabetic foods can be divided into six categories. The three main food types are vegetables, fruits, and grains, the next group contains milk, milk products, and meat products; the last group is fat, oils, and sweets.
A healthy young adult's daily intake is 1600-2800 cal. Depending upon the build, the amount of calories is to be determined. Again, women patients will be more benefitted while taking the low range calorie and men are meant to high the end calorie group. The precise number of servings will depend on the diabetes goal, lifestyle, division in the calorie and nutrition needs, and of course the type of food the patient likes most. The total number of calories should be judiciously divided into major meals and snacks.
Let us have some idea about a different group of foods that is acceptable for a diabetic patient.
Starches and grains
The most acceptable group is cereal, bread, rice, and pasta. The bulk of the diabetic diet should come from this group. These foods contain carbohydrates mostly. The acceptable grains are wheat, corn, oats, and rye. Vegetables that contain starch like potatoes and peas also belong to this group besides dry beans like pinto beans and black-eyed beans. These vegetables come into this group as they have the same amount of calories as contained in an equal serving of a slice of bread. So you can count them as the same amount of serving carbohydrates in your meal plan. The following foods can be taken roughly 6-12 servings per day but keep an eye on it and try to take them as lower range as you can. These are – 1 slice of bread, ¾ cup of dry cereal (you can make any preparation – the total calorie should be counted), ¼ of a bagel, one 6” tortilla, ½ cup of cooked cereal, 1 cup of winter squash, ½ cup either of yam, potato, peas, cooked beans or corn and 1/3 cup of pasta or rice.
Vegetables are rich in vitamins, fiber, and minerals. You can take as much as green leafy vegetables like spinach, sorrel, chicory, broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, kale, tomatoes, cucumbers, Brussels sprouts, and lettuce. One serving contains 1 cup of raw or ½ cup of cooked amount.
Fresh fruits contain plenty of vitamins, minerals, carbohydrates, and fiber. Fruits that you can take are oranges, blackberries, strawberries, apples, cantaloupes, bananas, grapes, and apricots. You can take 2-4 servings a day.
Milk and milk products
Milk is rich in calcium, vitamins, and minerals. Low-fat or skimmed milk is better. You can take 2-3 servings a day and a serving contains 1 cup of low-fat milk or 1 cup of yogurt.
Meat and other nonvegetarian items
This group contains beef, chicken, fish, turkey, eggs, and cheese. This group provides the required amount of proteins and minerals. It is always better to take white meat. You can take 4-6 ounces per day divided into major meals.
Fats and sweets
This is the group you would try to take as less as possible. Otherwise, you can save consuming these items for a great treat for a single time once in a while. A single serving includes 2 small cookies, ½ cup of ice cream, and 1 cupcake or muffin.
It is not so hard to follow this diet guideline. You can make a lot of preparations by combining these items and your diabetic life more enjoyable.
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